## Is there a correlation between crime and ice cream?

The example of ice cream and crime rates is a positive correlation because both variables increase when temperatures are warmer. Other examples of positive correlations are the relationship between an individual’s height and weight or the relationship between a person’s age and number of wrinkles.

### What are the strengths and weakness of correlational study?

Strengths and weaknesses of correlation

The weakest linear relationship is indicated by a correlation coefficient equal to 0. A positive correlation means that if one variable gets bigger, the other variable tends to get bigger. A negative correlation means that if one variable gets bigger, the other variable tends to get smaller.

**Which of the following is a distinct disadvantage of correlational research?**

An important limitation of correlational research designs is that they cannot be used to draw conclusions about the causal relationships among the measured variables. Consider, for instance, a researcher who has hypothesized that viewing violent behavior will cause increased aggressive play in children.

**What is the disadvantage of correlation methods?**

Correlational research only uncovers relationships. Knowing that one change can create additional alternations can be beneficial when looking for unique outcomes, but it fails to answer the question of “why” that is sometimes necessary for research. Correlation does not equate to causation when using this study method.

## Why does correlation not equal causation?

“Correlation is not causation” means that just because two things correlate does not necessarily mean that one causes the other. Correlations between two things can be caused by a third factor that affects both of them. This sneaky, hidden third wheel is called a confounder.

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